According to a report by ECO, the decrease in the perspective of quality of life contributed to the decrease in well-being, to 46 points, compared to the 46.3 points recorded in 2020. Since the peak of 2017 (47 points), this was the fourth consecutive drop in this indicator. Conversely, the perspective of material living conditions recovered to 45.1 points, 0.3 more than in 2020. Even so, this index is still far from the 48.3 points recorded in 2019, the year before the coronavirus pandemic.

The decrease in the quality of life index was mainly due to losses in the areas of health, work-life balance, civic participation and governance, and the environment. Still, there was room for improvement in the areas of education, knowledge and skills, social relationships and subjective well-being, and personal safety.

The recovery of material living conditions was possible thanks to the improvement in economic well-being and the reduction of economic vulnerability. On the other hand, the employment area worsened.

For the well-being index, INE analysed close to 80 elements, such as the median disposable income per adult, household consumption expenditure, the material deprivation rate, the number of inactive persons per 100 employees, the infant mortality, the cultural consumption index, the interpersonal trust index and the registered crime rate.