According to the recommendations of the Directorate-General
for Health (DGS), since the symptoms of respiratory infections are very
similar, it is important to avoid transmitting the infection to more vulnerable
people, such as the elderly, pregnant, unvaccinated, immunosuppressed or
If the person with a respiratory infection has a fever or does
not feel well to go to work, the DGS recommends contacting a doctor to be
The DGS recalls that the symptoms of respiratory infections,
such as covid-19 or the flu, include cough, fever (temperature ≥ 38.0ºC) chills,
loss or alteration of smell or taste, lack of breath, unexplained tiredness,
muscle pain not resulting from physical exercise, refusal to eat or lack of
hunger, headache, sore throat and diarrhea.
If you have any of these symptoms, the person should rest,
drink water to stay hydrated and can take medications such as acetaminophen - if
there is no clinical indication to the contrary - to help reduce symptoms.
If you leave the house it is recommended that, in addition
to wearing a mask, you should avoid crowded places, such as public transport,
and comply with the rules of respiratory etiquette (coughing into the crook of
your arm and washing your hands frequently).
The DGS also recalls that the use of a mask is mandatory in
health service establishments and in residential or reception structures or
home support services for vulnerable populations, the elderly or people with
disabilities, as well as in continuous care units of the National Network.
The use of a mask is recommended in community pharmacies,
for people over 10 years old, whenever they are in closed environments and in
groups, namely, public transport (including planes) and airports, maritime
terminals and metro and train networks.
It is also recommended in case of symptoms or a positive
test for Covid-19 or flu and it is necessary to leave the house, as well as
when there is close contact with people at high risk of becoming seriously ill
with respiratory diseases.
Masks are also recommended for the most vulnerable people,
namely people with chronic diseases or immunosuppression states with an
increased risk of respiratory tract infections, whenever they are at increased
risk of exposure, as well as for people who are in contact with the most vulnerable