Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia that causes a global, progressive and irreversible deterioration of various cognitive functions (memory, attention, concentration, language, thought, among others).
This deterioration has as its consequences changes in behaviour, personality and functional capacity of the person, making it difficult for them to carry out their daily activities.
The name of this disease is due to Alois Alzheimer, a German physician who first described the disease in 1907.
As the brain cells are reduced in size and number, neurofibrillar braids form inside them and senile plaques form in the outer space between them. This makes communication within the brain impossible and damages the existing connections between the brain cells. These eventually die and this translates into an inability to remember the information. Thus, as Alzheimer’s disease affects the various brain areas, certain functions or abilities are lost. When a person loses a capability, they are rarely able to retrieve or relearn it.
In neuropathological terms, Alzheimer’s disease is characterised by neuronal death in certain parts of the brain, with some causes still to be determined. The appearance of fibrillar braids and senile plaques makes it impossible for nerve cells to communicate, which causes changes in the person’s overall functioning.
6 Tips to reduce the risk of developing dementia
It is not yet known how dementia can be prevented or cured, but there are many things that can be done to keep the brain healthy as it gets older. By adopting these 6 tips, you are taking a big step towards reducing the risk of developing dementia:
- Keep your brain active
- Have a healthy diet
- Practice physical exercise have regular check-ups
- Participate in social activities
- Avoid smoking, drink in moderation and sleep well
- Protect your head from injuries
Become a Member
By being a member you benefit from free Cognitive Stimulation Notebooks every month, as well as discounts on training and other events. You can also apply for support programmes such as ‘Incontinence Support’ and Mobility Aids Bank. Please contact us to become a member.
Make a Donation
Make a donation to IBAN PT50 0035 2166 00021503 230 97 - the tax benefits (up to 140%) will be applied in your tax return. You can also make a donation through our website: https://alzheimerportugal.org/. Don’t forget to choose Núcleo do Algarve as your donation destination.