Data from the Survey on Living Conditions and Income carried out in 2022 by INE indicate that daily consumption “was significantly higher in men (31.5%) than in women (8.5%) and in the elderly population, recording percentages higher in the group aged 65 to 74 years (34.7%)”.

Almost 20% of the population aged 16 or over reported having consumed alcoholic beverages daily during the 12 months preceding the interview, while 18.4% consumed it a few times a week, 12.3% a few times a month (but not weekly), and 14.2%, more rarely (a few times a year) and 35.8% reported not having consumed any alcoholic beverage in that period.

“The proportion of people who consumed alcohol daily and with a level of education up to basic education represented more than double those who had completed higher education”, says INE, noting that 33.7% of retirees indicated having consumed alcoholic beverages every day, a value much higher than that reported by the active population (15.7% in the case of employees and 15.4% in the case of the unemployed).


In the analysis of tobacco use, INE concluded that 14.1% of the population aged 16 or over smokes daily, a result slightly lower than that obtained based on the National Health Survey carried out in 2019 (14.2%).

Consumption was occasional for 2% of the population, and the distribution of regular tobacco consumption was more frequent in men (19.7%) than in women (9.2%), in people aged 25 to 64 years (between 18% and 21%) and in the population that had completed secondary education (17.2%).