Crisis reversing migration between Europe and South America

By TPN/Lusa, in News · 11-10-2012 09:51:00 · 0 Comments
Crisis reversing migration between Europe and South America

The economic crisis is reversing the migration between European and South American countries, which have become one of the main destinations for young Europeans, according to a report from the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).

In the case of the Portuguese, the main destination is Brazil, while the Spanish head to Argentina, Chile and Uruguay.
IOM also reveals that a large number of Portuguese have moved to Angola and Mozambique.
According to the report, which was financed by the European Union, between 2008 and 2009, more than 107,000 Europeans, including those with dual nationality, left their country of origin to live in South America or the Caribbean.
Among the countries that recorded the highest number of people leaving were Spain (47,701), Germany (20, 926), Holland (17,168) and Italy (15,701).
On the other hand, the main receiving countries were Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela and Mexico.

These emigrants are young single people aged between 25 and 35, with a high level of education and professional objectives that include the possibility of following a career path in a multinational company.
In the specific case of the Portuguese who search for employment in Brazil, the main profile is of civil engineers and architects looking for opportunities from the increasing jobs related to the preparations for the 2014 Football World Cup and 2016 Olympic games.
Brazil has also received an important flux of French, Italian and Spanish immigrants.
The report also reveals that Portugal is the third country in Europe that receives the most remittances from South American countries.
In 2010 alone, Portugal received 420 million dollars from South American countries, being behind Spain and France, which received more.
The report also shows that contrary to what was expected, the economic crisis has not pushed South American immigrants who live in Europe back home, even in the case of Spain where the government has created policies to encourage people to return to their country of origin.
The migratory flux from South American countries to Europe continues, but at a more gradual pace. According to the report, numbers have fallen from 400,000 migrants in 2006 to 229,000 in 2009.
IOM says that over 4.2 million South Americans live in the European Union, especially in Spain, the UK, Holland, Italy and France, while 1.25 million Europeans currently live in South America and the Caribbean.
The report was carried out by the IOM in partnership with the Ibero American Foundation, as part of a study entitled ‘The reinforcement of dialogue and cooperation between the European Union and South America and the Caribbean.’



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