The most important thing is to try your best where possible – but this can be tricky when certain things have a ‘green halo’ around them, making you think they’re better for the environment than they might actually be…

1. Collecting tote bags

It felt like one of the first stages of the climate crisis entering public consciousness: the war against plastic bags.

It’s undoubtedly a positive step to switch single-use plastic for reusable cotton, but ask yourself: just how many tote bags do you actually own? Most of us have multiple totes hanging about, particularly as quirkily designed bags have become something of a fashion statement – and this might offset the good we think we’re doing. A 2018 report by The Danish Environmental Protection Agency suggests a cotton tote bag should be reused 20,000 times to neutralise its full life cycle and environmental impact.

2. Hoarding reusable water bottles

The same logic applies to reusable water bottles – yes, they’re arguably better for the environment than going through countless plastic bottles, but chances are you have more than a few languishing in your cupboard.

Not all reusable water bottles are created equal, either. MIT’s Office of Sustainability suggests bottles made out of virgin aluminium are some of the worst for the environment, with 5.705kg of carbon dioxide per pound of material.

3. Using natural sponges

Natural is better, right? Unfortunately it’s not always as simple as that. If you’ve decided to swap out your synthetic sponge for a more organic, naturally occurring product, that might be a bonus in terms of reducing your plastic use. However, it’s important to buy sustainably harvested sea sponges to help preserve its population. While sea sponges aren’t an endangered species, there are some questions about how harvesting affects the rest of the marine ecosystem – it’s an area that definitely needs more research to find out the real impact.

4. Swapping plastic for paper

Something else that’s always drilled into us: paper is better than plastic. In many cases, this is true – but things aren’t always as they seem. When opting for paper alternatives, watch out for products coated with an almost undetectable layer of plastic.

Maybe you’ve swapped out your tinfoil for baking paper, or paper cups have replaced plastic at your local coffee shop – it’s always worth checking whether these products do in fact contain plastic.

5. Using an e-book reader

It might seem like having one ebook device for all your reading will save the paper waste of buying new books, but it’s important to consider the environmental cost of making these pieces of tech. A whole lot of energy is used to get your e-reader in hand – from manufacturing the device itself (something that’s likely done abroad), to shipping it to your home and having to constantly charge it. Plus, there’s the tricky situation of properly disposing of the electronics when you can no longer use the device.