Gains: Gains refer to an increase in value or profit.

Gas: Gas is measurement given to an operation in the Ethereum network that relates to the computational power required to complete it.

Gavin Wood: Gavin Wood is the co-founder of Parity Technologies, and one of the founders of Ethereum.

Genesis block: The first block in a blockchain. The genesis block for bitcoin was laid down on 3rd Jan 2009. Also known as block 0.

Geotagged NFT: Geotagged non-fungible tokens (NFT) feature 3D versions of the street art alongside the corresponding geo-location. They allow art aficionados to own both the virtual and physical artwork without the need to remove the actual infrastructure it was originally painted on.

Geth: Geth, short for Go Ethereum, is a command-line interface that allows developers to run full Ethereum nodes, mine the cryptocurrency and execute smart contracts.

GitHub: GitHub is one of the most popular code hosting platforms, allowing developers to collaborate on various projects.

Gold Standard: The system, which was abandoned in the depression of the 1930s, by which the value of a currency was defined in terms of gold, for which the currency could be exchanged.

Governance: In the world of cryptocurrencies, governance is defined as the people or organizations that have decision-making powers regarding the project.

Governance Token: A governance token is a token that can be used to vote on decisions that influence an ecosystem.

Graphical Processing Unit (GPU): More commonly known as a graphics card, it is a computer chip that creates 3D images on computers, but has turned out to be efficient for mining cryptocurrencies.

Group Mining: As opposed to solo mining, group mining is when multiple people mine together.

GWEI: Gwei is a denomination of the cryptocurrency ether (ETH), which is used on the Ethereum network. Ethereum is a blockchain platform, like Bitcoin, where users transact with each other to buy and sell goods and services without a middle man or interference from a third party. Gwei is also known as nanoether (or nano) and is the ninth power of the fractional ETH.

By Stephen Whitelaw (