A new Amazon campaign has been launched to highlight the functions its Alexa virtual assistant has that can support people who suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

People who own the smart speaker can ask, “Alexa, I have ADHD, can you help me get organised?”, and will receive a list of suggested features that can support them, including reminders, calendar markers, setting focus time and other organisational tasks to help them each day.

Neurodivergent people process, learn and behave differently to the average “neurotypical” person. But according to Dr Tony Lloyd, chief executive of the ADHD Foundation Neurodiversity Charity, one in 20 people live with ADHD.

“Support from Alexa in the morning will enable those with ADHD to start their day on a positive note, leaving them with greater energy and focus for the rest of the day so they can go out and let their talent shine,” Lloyd said.

But if you have ADHD, how can you build a better morning routine that sets you up for a great day? Health experts explain everything you need to know…

What is ADHD?

According to Dr Seb Thompson, consultant clinical psychologist at Cygnet Health Care, ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition that impacts someone’s attention and their levels of hyperactivity and impulsivity.

“Typically, when someone has ADHD they tend to struggle with their attention span, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, although it is possible to just struggle with symptoms from one specific domain (e.g. just symptoms of inattentiveness).

“ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition, which means that there needs to be evidence of the presence of these traits before the age of 12. Usually, these traits are present much earlier in childhood, although a typical ADHD assessment would tend not to occur before the age of seven years old.”

Have a visual or written checklist

For educational psychologist Dr Patricia Britto, establishing a consistent, non-negotiable routine is vital as it helps individuals with ADHD regulate the brain’s circadian rhythm.

“[This can have] a positive ripple effect on their sleep patterns and promotes overall wellbeing. Having a routine also enhances time-management skills, as it provides predictability when engaging in a sequence of activities, such as getting dressed in the morning and being on time,” said Britto.

“A visual or written checklist of tasks to achieve in the morning is highly critical. It is essential to tick off the visual or written checklist as one progresses through a morning routine.”

Charlene McIntosh, lead psychologist at Cygnet Health Care, is in agreement and added: “Task prioritisation is really important. Make a list of tasks for the day and prioritise them based on importance and urgency. Utilise visual cues, such as sticky notes or a whiteboard, to remind yourself of important tasks or appointments.

“You can also break larger tasks into smaller, more manageable steps to avoid feeling overwhelmed and look around your environment to limit distractions.”

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Exercise in the morning

Apart from setting a consistent time to wake up, to help regulate your body’s internal clock, McIntosh encourages people with ADHD to also consider some morning exercise.

“Engaging in physical activity helps to boost dopamine levels, which can help with focus and mood regulation. Likewise, spending a few minutes practicing mindfulness or meditation to calm the mind and improve focus can be of great benefit and set you on the right path for the day ahead,” she said.

“In terms of breakfast, it is important to eat a nutritious breakfast to fuel your body and brain.”

Use a timer or alarm

Individuals with ADHD should use a timer or alarm to help them monitor their ability to stick to a plan and a routine.

“At the end of each morning, individuals with ADHD should reflect and evaluate how well they are sticking to a routine, and do more of what works. Individuals need to reflect, get to know themselves, and stick to what works,” said Britto.

“Equally, individuals with ADHD should identify one aspect of their morning routine that does not work and focus on changing that area.”

Identify what motivates you

For Britto, individuals with ADHD need to identify what motivates them to follow a routine.

“For example, some may find listening to music helpful in sticking to a task, while others may find it distracting. Finding internal motivation, such as reaching a personal goal or feeling accomplished, is vital,” she said.

“There is no right or wrong answer; however, searching for the most effective motivator is critical, and the likelihood of a successful morning routine will increase.”

Keep things simple

Another tip from psychotherapist and co-host of the Insight Podcast, Helen Villiers, is to keep things as simple as possible.

“To minimise transitions, reduce your choices, which will minimise overwhelm and analysis paralysis, and use punishments, not rewards for not completing a task,” said Villiers.

“The ADHD brain unfortunately responds a lot better to punishment than reward, so telling yourself ‘I can’t have X if I don’t do Y’ will be much more effective than the other way round. This isn’t an opportunity for you to be mean to yourself though.”