Some pets are very good at hiding problems, but luckily there are some easy at-home checks you can do to make sure your pet is in tip-top shape.
The PDSA has come up with a list of checks pet owners can do themselves from the comfort of their own home.

How to give your pet an MOT
The PDSA recommend giving your pet a nose-to-tail check to make sure you’ve got everything covered! If you’re noticing anything on the list of what you shouldn’t see, it’s best to go to the vet for a check-up.

Your pet’s nose should be:
• Moist and soft;
• Free from any snot or discharge;
• Clear and your pet should be able to breathe freely.
Go to the vet if it:
• Is dry;
• Is cracked;
• Has any snot or discharge;
• Sounds congested.

Your pet’s eyes should be:
• Bright, clear and comfortable open;
• Free from any tears or discharge and there shouldn’t be a lot of tear staining;
The fleshy area around the eyeball (conjunctiva) should be salmon pink.
Go to the vet if they are:
• Red;
• Sore;
• Weepy;
• Holding them closed/squinting.

Your pet’s ears should be:
• A fleshy pink colour inside;
• Free of any nasty smells;
• Have no build-up of wax or excessive hair;
• The ear flap should be flat.
Go to the vet if they are:
• Smelly;
• Uncomfortable;
• Waxy or have any discharge;
• Swollen;
• Holding their ear down or tilting their head to one side;
• Scratching or shaking their head a lot.

Your pet’s teeth should be:
• Clean and white;
• Free of cracks or breaks;
• Free of staining;
• Remember to check for any missing teeth.
Go to the vet if they are:
• Broken;
• Missing teeth;
• Stained (a plaque or tartar build-up will look like dark staining around their teeth).

Only check your pet’s mouth if they are comfortable for you to do so. Visit your vet if they’re not used to having their teeth checked.
Your pet’s gums should be:
• A fleshy pink colour (although some pets will have darker pigments in their mouths, making their gums look darker. It’s best to check what’s normal for them);
• Moist;
• Free of any lumps and bumps around their teeth.
Go to the vet if they are:
• Swollen around the teeth;
• Pale or dry (this could indicate an urgent problem so call the vet straight away).

Your pet’s coat should be:
• Free of knots;
• Free of any ticks, fleas, flea dirt or other parasites;
• Free of dandruff.
Go to the vet if their coat has any parasites or if you are concerned.
Your pet’s skin should be:
• Free of any rashes;
• Free of lumps and bumps;
• Free of bald patches;
• Have no bad smells;
• Have no wounds, discharge or infections.
Visit your vet if their skin is:
• Sore;
• Itchy;
• Dry;
• Moist/wet in areas.
If you do notice any lumps and bumps, take your pet to the vet straight away so they can make sure they aren’t harmful tumours.

Your pet’s legs should be:
• Free from wounds;
• Able to comfortably support your pet getting up and sitting down;
• Free of lumps and bumps;
• Their nails should be strong, not too long and at no risk of growing into their pads.
Visit your vet if they are:
• Struggling to get up and down;
• Can’t support their own weight;
• Limping;
• If they seem stiff;
• If any claws are broken or too long.

Your pet’s tail should be:
• In a normal position for your pet;
• Able to move freely;
• Clean and free of any poop underneath;
• Have no sores on or around it.
Visit your vet if it is:
• Hanging limp and not moving as it normally does;
• If there’s a build-up of poop underneath;
• If your pet is scooting their bottom;
• If your pet is chewing at their back or tail.