In an order published in Diário da República, the Ministry of Agriculture informs that based on “data recorded in the context of agrometeorological and hydrological monitoring for the present hydrological year, the drought situation in mainland Portugal, after a slight improvement in March and April, has again shown a significant worsening in the months of May and June 2022 with consequent negative impacts on agricultural activity”.

The evaluation, based on the PDSI - Palmer Drought Severity Index, reveals that in May the intensity of drought worsened when compared to previous months, with about 97.1% of the territory in the class of severe drought and 1.4% in the extreme drought class, a situation that worsened in the first half of June “with the entire continental territory in a situation of severe or extreme drought”.

The cause of this worsening is related to the “accentuated deficit of precipitation”, 408 millimetres lower than normal on June 15, and also “the average value of the average air temperature being much higher than the normal value” , data that coincide with the information collected by the Portuguese Institute of the Sea and the Atmosphere (IPMA) and shared with ECO/Capital Verde.